What is new in oncology targeted therapies? Read our oncology targeted therapies blog and learn more about the advancements in oncology targeted therapies.

Cabozantinib FDA approved in HCC patients failing sorafenib

On 14 January 2019, the FDA approved cabozantinib (Cabometyx®, Exelixis) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients previously treated with sorafenib.

Olaparib (Lynparza) FDA approved as maintenance for BRCAm ovarian cancer

On 19 December 2018, the FDA approved olaparib (Lynparza®, AstraZeneca) as a maintenance treatment for adult advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer patients who achieving a complete or partial response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy and who have deleterious germline or somatic BRCA-mutatations (gBRCAm or sBRCAm) by an FDA-aproved test or who are suspected to have deleterious BRCA-mutatations (BRCAm). 

Trastuzumab-biosimilar Herzuma® FDA approved in HER2+ breast cancer

On 14 December 2018, the FDA approved the Herceptin®-biosimilar Herzuma® (trastuzumab-pkrb, Celltrion), a HER2/neu receptor antagonist, for patients with HER2-overexpressing (HER2+) breast cancer. Herzuma® was approved as biosimilar, not as an interchangeable product.

Frontline atezolizumab plus bevacizumab and chemotherapy FDA approved for metastatic non-squamous NSCLC

On 6 December 2018, the FDA approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq®, Roche/Genentech) plus bevacizumab and chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin for the frontline treatment of metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSq NSCLC) patients not harbouring any EGFR or ALK genomic tumour aberrations.

MURANO: off-drug progression-free survival after 2 years venetoclax plus 6 cycles Rituximab

MURANO: off-drug progression-free survival after 2 years venetoclax plus 6 cycles Rituximab

On the first day of the 2018 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting, an additional year of follow-up data from the practice-changing MURANO study were presented to the audience by Professor John F. Seymour. In the trial’s setting of relapsed/refractory (R/R) chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), the non-chemo-containing regimen venetoclax (Venclexta®, AbbVie/Roche) plus rituximab was associated with maintained superior progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) over standard-of-care chemoimmunotherapy with bendamustine plus rituximab. At the same time, a durable post-treatment disease control is also attainable with the fixed-duration chemo-free regimen.

Gilteritinib (Xospata®) FDA approved for relapsed or refractory AML harbouring FLT3 mutations

On 28 November 2018, the FDA approved gilteritinib (Xospata® [ASP2215], Astellas) for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) harbouring FLT3 mutations as confirmed by an FDA-approved companion diagnostic test (CDx).

TKR inhibitor larotrectinib (Vitrakvi®) FDA approved for cancers with NTRK gene fusion

On 26 November 2018, the FDA granted accelerated approval to the first-in-class tropomyosin receptor-kinase (TRK) inhibitor larotrectinib (Vitrakvi®, Loxo Oncology/Bayer) for the treatment of adult and paediatric patients with solid tumours that are metastatic or not amenable to surgery, harbour the neurotrophic receptor tyrosine kinase (NTRK) gene fusion in the absence of known acquired resistance mutations, and whose cancer progressed following treatment or for whom are no satisfactory other treatment options available.

Venetoclax plus azacitidine, decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine FDA approved in elderly AML patients

On 21 November 2018, the FDA granted accelerated approval to venetoclax (Venclexta®, AbbVie/Genentech) in combination with either azacitidine, or decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine (LDAC), for the treatment of newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients ≥75 years old or in patients with comorbidities precluding intensive induction chemotherapy.

Glasdegib plus low-dose cytarabine (LDAC) approved in elderly AML patients

On 21 November 2018, the FDA approved glasdegib (Daurismo®, Pfizer) in combination with low-dose cytarabine (LDAC), for the treatment of newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in patients of 75 years or older and in patients with comorbidities contraindicating intensive induction chemotherapy.

Lorlatinib FDA approved for metastatic ALK-positive NSCLC

On November 2nd 2018, lorlatinib (LORBRENA®, Pfizer) received accelerated approval by the FDA for the second- and third-line treatment of patients with metastatic, anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Third-line patients should have had progression on crizotinib and another ALK-inhibitor for metastatic disease, and second-line patients should have had progression on either alectinib or ceritinib in the first-line for metastatic disease.