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Ramucirumab FDA approved for hepatocellular carcinoma

On 10 May 2019, the FDA approved single agent ramucirumab (Cyramza®, Eli Lilly) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients previously treated with sorafenib and who have an alpha-fetoproteintein (AFP) of ≥ 400 ng/mL.

T-DM1 FDA approved for early breast cancer

On the 3rd of May 2019, the FDA approved ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla® [T-DM1], Genentech/Roche) as adjuvant therapy for human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2)-positive early breast cancer (EBC) patients with residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant treatment with a taxane and trastuzumab.

Ivosidenib FDA-approved as first-line treatment for AML patients with IDH1 mutation

On the 2nd of May 2 2019, the FDA approved ivosidenib (Tibsovo®, Agios) as treatment for newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients ≥75 years old and AML patients with comorbidities precluding intensive induction chemotherapy. Patients should harbour a susceptible IDH1 mutation, as per the FDA-approved Abbott RealTime™ IDH1 Assay, to be legible for ivosidenib treatment.

Pembrolizumab plus axitinib FDA approved for the first-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma patients

On 19 April 2019, the FDA approved the programmed death 1 (PD-1) inhibitor pembrolizumab (KEYTRUDA®, Merck) plus axitinib – a selective and potent receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR) 1, 2, and 3 – as a first-line treatment for advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients.

Atezolizumab with or without cobimetinib vs regorafenib for previously treated metastatic colorectal cancer IMblaze370

Atezolizumab +/- cobimetinib vs regorafenib for previously treated metastatic colorectal cancer (IMblaze370)

Combining programmed death 1 (PD-1) ligand (PD-L1) inhibitor atezolizumab with MEK-inhibitor cobimetinib in patients with previously treated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) does not improve the overall survival (OS) when compared to regorafenib, as was reported by the investigators of the IMblaze370 (NCT02788279) trial in the Lancet Oncology.

Palbociclib approved for the treatment of male breast cancer 

On 4 April 2019, the US FDA approved palbociclib (Ibrance®, Pfizer) plus aromatase inhibitor or fulvestrant for the treatment of male patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer.

Erdafitinib FDA approved for the treatment of metastatic urothelial carcinoma

On 12 April 2019, the FDA granted accelerated approval to erdafitinib (Balversa®, Janssen) for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cell carcinoma (mUCC) progressed during or following a platinum-containing regimen, including progression within 12 months of (neo)adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy, and whose tumours harbour susceptible fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 3 or FGFR2 genetic alterations as determined by the FDA approved companion diagnostic (CDx), the therascreen® FGFR RGQ RT-PCR Kit by Qiagen.

Trastuzumab-biosimilar Ontruzant® FDA approved in several indications

On 18 January 2019, the FDA approved the Herceptin®-biosimilar Ontruzant® (trastuzumab-dttb, Samsung BioEpsis), a HER2/neu receptor antagonist, for patients with HER2-overexpressing (HER2+) breast cancer in the adjuvant and metastatic setting, and in metastatic HER2+ gastric cancer patients. Ontruzant® was approved as biosimilar, not as an interchangeable product.

Cabozantinib FDA approved in HCC patients failing sorafenib

On 14 January 2019, the FDA approved cabozantinib (Cabometyx®, Exelixis) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients previously treated with sorafenib.

Olaparib (Lynparza) FDA approved as maintenance for BRCAm ovarian cancer

On 19 December 2018, the FDA approved olaparib (Lynparza®, AstraZeneca) as a maintenance treatment for adult advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer patients who achieving a complete or partial response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy and who have deleterious germline or somatic BRCA-mutatations (gBRCAm or sBRCAm) by an FDA-aproved test or who are suspected to have deleterious BRCA-mutatations (BRCAm).